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The anal glands or anal sacs are small glands near the anus in many mammalsincluding dogs  and cats. They are paired sacs on either side of the anus between the external and internal sphincter muscles. Sebaceous glands within the lining secrete a liquid that is used for identification of members within a species.
They're not the stuff of dinner party conversations, but knowing how to spot a problem could save your dog a lot of misery. Picture the scene. You've just washed your dog from top to tail using the finest shampoo and conditioner money can buy, but even after drying him, the same horrible fishy odour you noticed pre-groom is still lingering in your poor nostrils.
Anal glands in dogs and cats secrete a liquid substance, which is held inside of the sac until the animal defecates. In dogs and cats with normal anal glands, this liquid is normally expressed from the glands along with the bowel movement. Many animals will also express the contents of these glands when they become frightened, nervous, or excited. This expression will result in a foul smelling, dark colored liquid substance being seen near the rectum of the animal, under the tail, or on the floor or ground near the pet.
Anal sac disease is the most common disease entity of the anal region in dogs. Small breeds are predisposed; large or giant breeds are rarely affected. In cats, the most common form of anal sac disease is impaction.
How often should anal sacs be emptied and what are some of the misconceptions about the best antibiotics to use for infection? What are anal sacs and why do they fill up? Anal sacs, sometimes mistakenly referred to as anal glands, are two small structures located between the internal and external sphincter muscles.
An anal abscess is an infected cavity filled with pus found near the anus or rectum. Ninety percent of abscesses are the result of an acute infection in the internal glands of the anus. Occasionally, bacteria, fecal material or foreign matter can clog an anal gland and tunnel into the tissue around the anus or rectum, where it may then collect in a cavity called an abscess.
Dogs sniff each others' tail regions when the meet as a way of "reading" each others' scent-name. When the scent-producing anal glands become infected, you'll need to take quick action to avoid serious consequences. Anal gland infection is a condition that causes painful swelling and foul-smelling discharge in puppies.
December 15, 0 Comments. You may have heard about an anal gland abscess and wondered what it is, or your pet may have been unfortunate enough to have one. So what is an anal gland abscess and how does it differ from other anal gland problems?
Peter Dobias, DVM has 30 years of experience as a veterinarian. His love of dogs and passion for natural healing and nutrition led him to writing, teaching and helping people create health naturally, without drugs, chemicals and processed food. There is a general misperception that a dog's anal glands should be manually emptied on a regular basis. In fact, expressing the glands too often may lead to decreased tone, delayed emptying and anal gland disease.