Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, condoms have been a cornerstone of our HIV prevention efforts -- often promoted as the most effective way to prevent the sexual transmission of the virus. However, in the past few years the number of HIV prevention options has increased and some people are interested in, or are already using, newer strategies. As a result, frontline service providers are being asked challenging questions: Are condoms the most effective strategy available?
Studies show that if used correctly, condoms offer strong protection against HIV, as well as having the added benefit of reducing the risk of other STIs. To best protect against HIV they can be used in combination with other prevention methods such as pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP or an undetectable viral load. You can read an overview of condoms here.
You can also use other HIV prevention methods, below. If you are living with HIVthe most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medication known as antiretroviral therapy or ARTevery day, exactly as prescribed. There also are other options to choose from, below.
Condoms are physical barriers that can reduce the risk of a sexual exposure to HIV because they are made of materials that do not allow HIV to pass through them. This makes condoms a highly effective strategy to reduce the risk of HIV transmission when used consistently and correctly. Condoms also provide protection from other sexually transmitted infections STIs.
As clinical trials of antiretroviral treatment as prevention and pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP continue to produce dramatic drops in HIV transmission, researchers are still trying to pinpoint the risk of transmission from specific sex acts. In the May 6 online edition of AIDSCDC researchers gave updated estimates of the risk of HIV acquisition from various types of exposure, including sexual, parenteral for example, accidental needle-sticks or sharing injection drug equipmentand vertical mother-to-child. They also looked at the protective effect of various prevention strategies.
This paper analyzes how different types of Human immunodeficiency virus HIV knowledge influences condom use across the sexes. The empirical work was based on a household survey conducted among households of a representative group of stallholders in Lagos, Nigeria in Condom use during last sexual intercourse was analyzed using a multivariate model corrected for clustering effects.
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Human immunodeficiency virus HIV attacks and weakens the immune system, making an individual more vulnerable to serious illness. Untreated HIV can lead to AIDS, which occurs when the immune system is so weak it becomes susceptible to serious infections and some cancers. An estimated 39, people in the country were diagnosed with HIV in alone.
You are not at risk of contracting HIV if you hug or kiss someone, or share cups, drink bottles or utensils with someone. The risk factors of this change for different groups and are dependent on different circumstances. Here, gay and bisexual men are the most at-risk group, followed by the African Community. Needles : Blood to blood transmission most commonly occurs when a needle is shared between injecting drug users, where one user is HIV positive.